Refer back to the interview and evaluation you conducted in the Topic 2 Family Health Assessment assignment. Identify the social determinates of health (SDOH) contributing to the family’s health status. In a 750-1,000-word paper, create a plan of action to incorporate health promotion strategies for this family. Include the following:
- Describe the SDOH that affect the family health status. What is the impact of these SDOH on the family? Discuss why these factors are prevalent for this family.
- Based on the information gathered through the family health assessment, recommend age-appropriate screenings for each family member. Provide support and rationale for your suggestions.
- Choose a health model to assist in creating a plan of action. Describe the model selected. Discuss the reasons why this health model is the best choice for this family. Provide rationale for your reasoning.
- Using the model, outline the steps for a family-centered health promotion. Include strategies for communication.
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Expert Solution Preview
In this assignment, we will analyze the social determinants of health that have an impact on the family’s health status identified in the interview and evaluation conducted in the Topic 2 Family Health Assessment assignment. We will also develop a plan of action to incorporate health promotion strategies for this family. Additionally, we will recommend age-appropriate screenings for each family member, and choose a health model to assist in creating a plan of action. Finally, we will outline the steps for a family-centered health promotion using the selected health model and include strategies for effective communication.
1. Social determinants of health (SDOH) affecting the family health status:
The SDOH that contribute to the family’s health status include socioeconomic status, education level, and access to healthcare services. The impact of these SDOH on the family is significant in terms of their overall health and well-being. Low socioeconomic status limits the family’s access to adequate nutrition, safe housing, and healthcare facilities. The lack of education limits their understanding of preventive health measures and their ability to make informed decisions about their health. Limited access to healthcare services further exacerbates their health conditions and increases their risk for chronic diseases. These factors are prevalent for this family due to their socioeconomic background and limited resources in their community.
2. Age-appropriate screenings for each family member:
Based on the family health assessment, we recommend the following age-appropriate screenings for each family member:
– Adults: Routine screenings such as blood pressure measurement, cholesterol levels, mammography for women, and prostate screening for men. These screenings help detect early signs of cardiovascular diseases and identify potential risks for cancer.
– Adolescents: Screening for mental health conditions, substance abuse, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are crucial during this stage. Additionally, immunizations and annual physical examinations should be conducted.
– Children: Developmental screenings to assess physical, social, and cognitive development. Vision and hearing screenings are important during early childhood. Childhood immunizations should also be up to date to prevent communicable diseases.
3. Choice of health model for creating a plan of action:
The health model selected for this family is the Social Ecological Model (SEM). This model considers the complex interplay between individuals and their social environment. It recognizes that health outcomes are influenced by multiple levels of influence including interpersonal relationships, community factors, societal norms, and public policies. SEM is the best choice for this family because it considers the SDOHs they face and the broader context that impacts their health. By incorporating this model, we can address the family’s health needs holistically and develop strategies to promote health at various levels.
4. Steps for a family-centered health promotion using the Social Ecological Model (SEM):
a. Identify and assess the family’s strengths and resources: Conduct a thorough assessment of the family’s social support systems, community resources, and individual strengths that can be leveraged to promote health.
b. Collaborate with community partners: Engage community organizations and healthcare providers to create a network of support for the family. This includes connecting them with local support groups, social services, and resources available to meet their health needs.
c. Enhance interpersonal relationships within the family: Encourage open communication and shared decision-making among family members. Promote healthy behaviors through positive reinforcement and mutual support.
d. Address community-level factors: Advocate for policies and programs that support the family’s access to affordable healthcare services, education, and job opportunities. This may involve working with local government officials and community leaders to address social inequalities.
e. Evaluate and adjust the plan: Continuously monitor the family’s progress towards their health goals and modify the plan as necessary. Regular follow-up visits and consultations will allow for ongoing assessment and adjustment.
In conclusion, addressing the social determinants of health, recommending age-appropriate screenings, selecting the Social Ecological Model, and incorporating family-centered strategies are essential steps to promote the health and well-being of this particular family. By taking a comprehensive approach and fostering effective communication, healthcare professionals can work collaboratively with families to improve their overall health outcomes.