Please provide a response… 150 word minimum, one in text Nursing Assignment Help

Please provide a response… 150 word minimum, one in text citation and one academic  references. Thanks!. 

Types of Acute Kidney Injury & Linked Clinical manifestations    

Mr. J.R., 73, has symptoms consistent with gastroenteritis and may have renal injury as well. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is described as a rapid decline in kidney function and is classified into prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal stages. Mr. J.R.’s clinical symptoms are consistent with this type of AKI.  

Reduced renal blood flow is a common cause of prerenal acute kidney injury. Mr. J.R.’s adequate circulating volume dropped because of his dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration and hypovolemia are described as significant risk factors for prerenal acute kidney injury (AKI) by Siew et al. (2019).   

Inflammation and toxins from gastroenteritis can damage the renal tubules and glomeruli, causing intrarenal acute kidney injury. Weakness and a metallic taste in the mouth are just some of the symptoms of AKI due to acute tubular necrosis (ATN), as described by Hoste et al. (2018). Obstruction of the urinary tract is a common cause of postrenal acute kidney injury. Since Mr. J.R. did not exhibit symptoms of urinary obstruction, this type of AKI is less likely.  

Risk Factors

Due to several risk factors, Mr. J.R. has a higher-than-average risk for AKI. As Coca & Singanamala (2017) observed, J.R.’s advanced age is another significant risk factor for AKI. They found that both the frequency and severity of AKI increase with age. As a person ages, their kidneys become weaker and more easily damaged.  

Kellum & Lameire (2018) point out that low blood volume in the kidneys due to dehydration can trigger AKI, making J.R.’s emesis and diarrhea a risk factor for the development of acute kidney injury. Pianta et al. (2019) discuss the connection between infectious gastroenteritis and acute kidney injury (AKI), which J.R. likely caught from the fast food restaurant.   As stated by Charney & Parsonnet (2020), the bismuth contained in Mr. J.R.’s Pepto-Bismol use poses a risk because it can accumulate in the renal tubules, contributing to an increased risk of AKI for him.  

Hematologic System Complications and Pathophysiologic Mechanisms  

Hematologic system complications, such as coagulopathy and anemia, may arise if Mr. J.R.’s kidney damage progresses to CKD. Coagulopathy and anemia are common complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that have their origins in the pathophysiology of kidney dysfunction.  

Procoagulant and anticoagulant factors in the blood are thrown out of whack by CKD. According to Sarode & Kanjwal (2019), uremic toxins in CKD can affect platelet function and clotting factors, leading to coagulopathy and increasing the risk of bleeding, especially in the gastrointestinal tract.  

 Reduced erythropoietin production is a common cause of anemia in people with CKD. Coresh et al. (2019) explain that a lack of erythropoietin can cause anemia because it stimulates the body to produce more red blood cells. Anemia is a common symptom of CKD, which explains Mr. J.R.’s weakness and fatigue.  

In conclusion, J.R.’s case demonstrates the potential of AKI with identifiable clinical presentation. The patient’s age, dehydration, gastroenteritis, and medication use all pose potential threats to his health. Hematologic complications, such as coagulopathy and anemia, may arise if his kidney damage progresses to the point where he is diagnosed with CKD. Managing AKI and preventing its progression to CKD through early diagnosis and intervention is vital in improving the patient’s overall prognosis.  

Share This Post


Order a Similar Paper and get 15% Discount on your First Order

Related Questions

Trevino, A. J. (2021). Investigating Social Problems. Nursing Assignment Help

Trevino, A. J. (2021). Investigating Social Problems. Available from: VitalSourceBookshelf, (3rd Edition). SAGE Publications, Inc  This is the book Please respond to the following prompt. Grammar and spelling count. Draw upon the textbook and lecture notes in your response. What troubling social condition are you most concerned with (that may

Overview In this module, you learned how to monitor key Nursing Assignment Help

Overview In this module, you learned how to monitor key performance indicators (KPIs) and boost revenue-cycle management in healthcare organizations. You also explored how data analytics can be leveraged to maintain a robust revenue cycle. In this assignment, you will determine how KPIs support the strategic planning and financial performance

As a new division manager in a health care organization, you Nursing Assignment Help

As a new division manager in a health care organization, you have been given an opportunity to attend a lobbying workshop in Washington, D.C. Before attending the workshop, you must research current health care legislation. In preparation, it is important that you use your influencing skills and demonstrate an understanding of the health care policy

Assignment 1: Understanding the Canadian Healthcare System Nursing Assignment Help

Assignment 1: Understanding the Canadian Healthcare System Objective: The primary objective of this assignment is to conduct thorough research on the   structure and components of the Canadian healthcare system. Students are expected to gain   insights into its organization, funding mechanisms, and key challenges and achievements, with a  

Unit 4 focused on the cardiovascular system, and you Nursing Assignment Help

Unit 4 focused on the cardiovascular system, and you observed the vital importance of how it integrates with all other systems.  This discussion aims to have you identify one cardiovascular imbalance and present how the imbalance impacts the heart and another body system of your choice. Your post must contain