Abnormal Psychology PY 201

Discipline: Psychology

Type of Paper: Question-Answer

Academic Level: Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)

Paper Format: APA

Pages: 1 Words: 275


 Abnormal Psychology  PY 201

Schizophrenia is defined as:  a severe disorder characterized by major disturbances in thought, perception, emotion, and behavior with symptoms that include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking and behavior, and negative symptoms.

Which of the following is considered to be a negative symptom of schizophrenia?  social withdrawal

Those symptoms that involve noticeable decreases and absences in certain behaviors, emotions, or drives in those afflicted with schizophrenia are called ________ symptoms.  negative

What is a diathesis?  A predisposition or vulnerability to a disorder.

Among the nearly one-half of adult Americans who develop diagnosable psychological disorders at some point in their lives, which of the following types of disorder is most prevalent?   anxiety disorders

To provide clear diagnostic categories of mental disorders.  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

At the most basic level, schizophrenia is best conceptualized as a(n) ________ disorder.   psychotic

Angelique has not left her house for two years. She is completely terrified of going out. Based on this description, she is probably suffering from:    agoraphobia

Which of the following is a common characteristic of all dissociative disorders?  becoming split off, or separated, from one's core sense of self

_____ are recurring thoughts of danger that create anxiety; _____ are ritualistic behaviors or mental acts that aim to reduce anxiety.  Obsessions; compulsions

Thoughts about death, loss of appetite or overeating, insomnia or fatigue, and hopelessness are all symptoms of:  major depressive disorder

Last week, Winona ended up in the hospital after a fight with her boyfriend. She swallowed a whole bottle of Tylenol after finding a text on her boyfriend’s phone from one of his female classmates. Winona has always had difficulty regulating her emotions and often behaves impulsively. These symptoms can be signs of:  bipolar disorder

What is meant by the term etiology?  cause of a disorder

A psychological disorder is a ________.  condition characterized by abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

Phyllis cannot be alone. Her moods and behaviors are unstable, as are her relationships with other people. She often displays inappropriate and intense anger. Recently, Phyllis wrote a suicide note and offered to show it to her husband. Which of the following diagnoses accounts for her personality?   borderline personality disorder

Mason stole a variety of toys from the toy store. When his mother confronts him about his behavior, he shows no remorse and doesn’t seem to fear punishment at all. His mother explains that by stealing from the store he is hurting the store owner’s ability to take care of her family, but Mason shows no empathy. What mental disorder does Mason most likely have?  antisocial personality disorder

four formal criteria used by the American Psychiatric Association to identify the presence of a psychological disorder

  1. significant disturbances in thoughts, feelings and behaviors
  2. disturbances reflect some kind of biological, psychological, or developmental dysfunction
  3. disturbances lead to significant distress or disability in one's life
  4. disturbances do not reflect expected or culturally approved response to certain events

four basic criteria the DSM provides for each psychological disorder

  1. overview of the disorder (diagnostic features)
  2. specific symptoms required for diagnosis (diagnostic criteria)
  3. prevalence information
  4. risk factors associated with the disorder

Anxiety disorders   characterized by excessive and persistent fear and anxiety, and by related disturbances in behavior

Social anxiety disorder    characterized by extreme and persistent fear or anxiety and avoidance of social situations in which on could potentially be evaluated negatively by others

Generalized anxiety disorder  characterized by a continuous state of excessive, uncontrollable and pointless worry and apprehension

Major depressive disorder   commonly referred to as "depression" or "major depression", characterized by sadness or loss of pleasure in usual activities, as well the symptoms

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder   childhood disorder characterized by inattentiveness and/or hyperactive, impulsive behavior

Autism spectrum disorder  childhood disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, and repetitive patterns of behavior or interests

Borderline personality disorder   instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and mood, as well as impulsivity; key features include intolerance of being alone and fear of abandonment, unstable relationships, unpredictable behavior and moods, and intense and inappropriate anger

Antisocial personality disorder   characterized by a lack of regard for others' rights, impulsivity, deceitfulness, irresponsibility and lack of remorse over misdeeds