Health in the Global Community.
Read chapters 15 and17of the class textbook and review the attached PowerPointpresentations. Once done, answer the following questions.
1. Describe globalizationand international patterns of health and disease.
2. Identify international health careorganizations and how they collaborate to improve global nursing and health care.
3. Identify and discuss the major indicators of women’s health.
4. Identify and discuss the barriers to adequate health carefor women.
As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in anAPA format word document,APA requiredfont attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard titled “Week 10 discussion questions” and theSafeAssignexercise in the assignment tab of the blackboard which is a mandatory requirement.A minimum of 2 evidence-based references (besides the class textbook) no older than5 years must be used. You must post two replies on different dates to any of your peers sustained with the proper references no older than 5 years as well and make sure the references are properly quoted in your assignment.The replies cannot be posted on the same day, I must see different dates in the replies.A minimum of 800 words is required and not exceeding 1,000 words (excluding the first and reference page). Please make sure to follow the instructions as given and use either spell-check orGrammarlybefore you post your assignment.
Please check your assignment after the week is due or after it is gradedbecauseI either made comments or ask for clarification in some replies or the assignment that required your response.
Due dates: Assignment – Wednesday, July 8, 2020, at 11:59 PM in the discussion tab of the blackboard, and in theSafeAssignexercise in the assignment tab of the blackboard.
Expert Solution Preview
Globalization has significantly impacted health and disease patterns worldwide. It has facilitated the spread of infectious diseases, influenced healthcare practices and policies, and created both opportunities and challenges in addressing global health issues. In the context of women’s health, specific indicators and barriers must be considered to ensure adequate healthcare for women globally. Additionally, international healthcare organizations collaborate to improve nursing and healthcare on a global scale. This assignment aims to explore and provide answers to the questions related to these topics.
Answer 1: Describe globalization and international patterns of health and disease.
Globalization refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of countries and individuals across the world in various aspects, including trade, culture, technology, and healthcare. It has profoundly influenced the patterns of health and disease internationally.
One significant impact of globalization on health is the increased spread of infectious diseases. Due to advances in transportation and travel, infectious diseases can rapidly cross borders, impacting populations globally. Examples include the H1N1 influenza pandemic and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, both of which quickly spread worldwide.
Globalization has also influenced healthcare practices and policies. It has facilitated the exchange of medical knowledge, technologies, and best practices among countries, leading to improved healthcare outcomes. However, it has also created disparities in access to healthcare and resources between wealthy and low-income countries, exacerbating global health inequalities.
Answer 2: Identify international healthcare organizations and how they collaborate to improve global nursing and healthcare.
Several international healthcare organizations collaborate to enhance global nursing and healthcare:
– World Health Organization (WHO): The WHO plays a crucial role in coordinating international efforts to improve health outcomes and address global health challenges. It works with member countries, including nurses and healthcare professionals, to develop guidelines, policies, and programs that promote better health worldwide.
– International Council of Nurses (ICN): The ICN is a global federation of national nursing associations that represents nurses and advocates for their interests and concerns. It works towards strengthening nursing education, practice, and regulation globally, with the aim of improving healthcare for individuals and communities.
– United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA): The UNFPA focuses on promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights worldwide. It collaborates with partners to address issues such as maternal health, family planning, and gender equality, ensuring women’s healthcare needs are prioritized and met.
– Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) (MSF): MSF provides medical assistance in crisis situations, including armed conflicts, natural disasters, and epidemics. Their healthcare professionals, including nurses, work in diverse settings globally to deliver essential medical services and improve health outcomes in underserved populations.
These organizations collaborate by sharing expertise, conducting research, advocating for policy changes, and providing training and resources to healthcare professionals, including nurses, with the aim of improving global nursing and healthcare.
Answer 3: Identify and discuss the major indicators of women’s health.
Major indicators of women’s health encompass various aspects and can vary across populations. Some significant indicators include:
1. Maternal health: Measures such as maternal mortality ratio, prenatal care utilization, and access to skilled birth attendants help assess the health and well-being of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.
2. Reproductive health: Indicators like contraceptive prevalence rate, adolescent birth rate, and access to reproductive healthcare services reflect the availability and quality of reproductive healthcare, including family planning, safe abortion services, and prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections.
3. Gender-based violence: Indicators related to intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and harmful traditional practices (e.g., female genital mutilation/cutting) highlight the prevalence and impact of gender-based violence on women’s physical and mental well-being.
4. Non-communicable diseases: Indicators such as breast and cervical cancer incidence, cardiovascular disease prevalence, and mental health outcomes indicate the burden of non-communicable diseases on women’s health and the need for preventive measures and appropriate healthcare services.
Answer 4: Identify and discuss the barriers to adequate healthcare for women.
Multiple barriers hinder women’s access to adequate healthcare globally. These barriers can be social, cultural, economic, and systemic in nature. Some common barriers include:
1. Gender inequalities and discrimination: Discriminatory social norms and practices often limit women’s decision-making power, autonomy, and access to healthcare services. Gender biases may result in inadequate prioritization of women’s health needs within healthcare systems.
2. Limited financial resources: Many women, particularly in low-income settings, face financial barriers to accessing healthcare. High out-of-pocket expenses, limited health insurance coverage, and lack of income may prevent women from seeking necessary healthcare services.
3. Geographic and transportation barriers: In rural and remote areas, women often face challenges in accessing healthcare facilities due to long distances, lack of transportation, and inadequate infrastructure. These barriers can particularly impact women seeking antenatal care and emergency obstetric services.
4. Cultural and social norms: Cultural beliefs and practices may discourage women from seeking healthcare or restrict their mobility. Stigmatization surrounding certain health issues, such as reproductive health or mental health, can prevent women from accessing appropriate care.
Addressing these barriers requires a comprehensive approach involving healthcare policy reforms, targeted interventions, community engagement, and educational initiatives. Collaborative efforts between international healthcare organizations, governments, and local communities are essential in overcoming these challenges and promoting equitable healthcare for women globally.
In conclusion, globalization has transformed health and disease patterns globally, necessitating international collaboration to improve nursing and healthcare. Major indicators of women’s health encompass various dimensions, highlighting the need to address specific health issues faced by women. Barriers to adequate healthcare for women must be identified and addressed to ensure equitable access to healthcare services. International healthcare organizations play a pivotal role in advocating for women’s health and fostering global partnerships to enhance healthcare outcomes for women worldwide.